Printer-friendly version
A collection of commonly asked questions, with answers, about a specific subject, assembled in a conveniently organized list for easy reading.


Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O
P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

Page:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  (Next)
ALL

P

:
ANSWER: A PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, pages 73 and 284.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Expert judgment. Although (B) is somewhat true, expert judgment is a more correct answer; it is the knowledge of the product and how to decompose it that helps us identify the work more completely. PMBOK Guide Guide Fourth, Chapter 5
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
A standard. Framework Chapter 1 Choice 'b' a regulation, is a requirement imposed by a governing body. Choice 'c' a preferred approach, is similar to a best practice. Choice 'd' a specification, is a document that specifies how a deliverable will be measured for completeness.

Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Stakeholder management strategy. All other selections are tools and techniques, not outputs. PMBOK Guide Fourth Edition, Chapter 10, Section 10.1.3
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Programs are a collection of projects with a common cause. A is incorrect because a program is a collection of projects, not just one large, complex project. B is incorrect because programs are not made up of just small projects. D is incorrect since projects with a common customer do not necessitate a program.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 442.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
This question can be tricky, especially if you have spent so much time studying that you have forgotten some good project management practices. A quick look at Rita's Process Chart in the PMP Exam Prep book might draw you to conclude that the FIRST thing would be to start planning. Wouldn't it be smart to make sure what you have in the initial project scope statement and project charter are clear and complete before moving on? This is why choice B is the best choice.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
In a functional organization, the project manager has the least support for the project and has little authority to assign resources. Choices C and D are roles in a weak matrix organization.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
A project is a temporary endeavor to create a unique product or service. Operations are ongoing activities. A is incorrect, because a program is a collection of projects with a common cause. B is not a valid choice as operations are ongoing activities. Subprojects (answer D) represent portions of a project broken off into smaller endeavors.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
In the case of stakeholders with positive expectations from the project, their interests are best served by helping the project succeed. The interests of negative stakeholders are served by impeding the project"s progress. Overlooking negative stakeholders can result in an increased likelihood of failure. Reference\: PMBOK(r) Guide Fourth Edition, Page 24
Keyword(s):
:

ANSWER: C
Time and material contracts are a hybrid type of contractual arrangements that contain aspects of both cost-reimbursable and fixed-price contracts. Options A: This type of contracts involves fixed-price arrangement that allows for deviation from performance, with financial incentives tied to achieving agreed metrics. Option B: In this type of contracts, the seller is reimbursed for all legitimate costs, but the majority of the fee is only earned based on the satisfaction of certain broad subjective performance criteria defined and incorporated into the contract. Option D: In this type of contracts, the seller is reimbursed for all allowable costs for performing the contract work, and receives a fixed fee payment calculated as a percentage of the initial estimated project costs. Reference: PMBOK(r) GuideFourth Edition, Page Number:324

Keyword(s):
:

ANSWER: C
Expert judgment. Although (b) is somewhat true, expert judgment is a more correct answer; it is the knowledge of the product and how to decompose it that helps us identify the work more completely. PMBOK Guide Guide Fourth, Chapter 5

Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Project Management, A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling by H. Kerzner, 8th edition, page 235, 3rd bullet in the list of communication styles
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
 Histogram that is useful in determining how much time is expected from the various team members and or functions.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Statistically independent
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 121.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Entire process of random selection and inspecting a work product is known as Statistical Sampling.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
All are part of Project Risk Management except Solicitation.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
A Schedule Management Plan is developed as part of "Develop Project Management Plan".
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 453.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Activity attributes are outputs from the Define Activities process and inputs for Sequence Activities, Estimate Activity Resources, Estimate Activity Durations, and Develop Schedule processes. Reference: PMBOK(r) Guide Fourth Edition, Page Number:131, figure 6 - 1  Activity List and Activity attributes are created in the Define Activities process.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Activity Resource Requirements is an input to Estimate Activity Durations.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
You should be concerned because the project team is gold-plating, which is not a recommended project management practice. Please note that "adding extra functionality beyond project scope" is not recommended by PMI(r), since a project is supposed to deliver what is defined in its scope. Similarly, one cannot request for additional sizing for the project because the customer had never asked for the additional requirements.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
The duration of the project should be calculated after drawing a network diagram and determining the critical path. The duration of the project is the length of the critical path and not the sum of the duration of all the tasks in the project.
Keyword(s):
:

ANSWER: D
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 324.

Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
References: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, pages 75, 115.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 37.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Reference: PMBOK Guide, 4th Edition, pages 210-211.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, pages 204.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
References: PMBOK Guide, 4th Edition, pages 155, 435.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 428.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Conflict management is a necessary general management skill. It is the project manager
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Project Management JumpStart by Kim Heldman, page 214
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Salary is not a motivating factor as per Herzberg"s Theory
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Select sellers is no longer a process. The new PMBOK Guide Fourth Edition reduced the procurement management knowledge area from six processes to four. PMBOK Guide Fourth Edition, Chapter 12
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Value addition, usually, is a result of implementation of change requests.
Keyword(s):
:

ANSWER: A
improve team skills and improve cohesiveness of the team. Chapter 9, Section 9.3 Another objective would be to improve the feeling of trust among team members.

Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Individual team member improvement plans Executing Chapter 9, Section 9.4.2 Project performance appraisals address individual team member needs for improving performance and will most likely not be part of a formal project review with senior management. They may, however, be addressed indirectly within the risks presented.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Perform Integrated Change Control process includes... coordinating changes across the entire project. Reference: PMBOK(r) Guide Fourth Edition, Page 93 Integrated Change Control process integrates all the individual change control processes and determines the impact of changes across the entire project.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 93.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Preventive action: A documented direction to perform an activity that can reduce the probability of negative consequences associated with project risks. Reference: PMBOK(r) Guide Fourth Edition, page 92
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Pareto diagram mainly helps the project management team to quantify and categories the defects/issues according to sources ( engineering defects, setup problems, etc)
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
33 percent. Chapter 6, Section 6.6.2.2 Variance = plan - actual.

i. Variance = 40 hours - 30 hours.
ii. Variance =10 hours.
iii. Percentage of variance = variance/plan * 100.
iv. Percentage of variance = 10 hours/30 hours * 100.
v. Percentage of variance = .33 * 100.
vi. Percentage of variance = 33 percent
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, pages 181-183.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 181-182.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Report Performance? is the process of collecting and distributing performance information, including status reports, progress measurements, and forecasts, etc. Reference: PMBOK(r) Guide Fourth Edition, Page 63 and 266 Report Performance is a part of Monitoring and Controlling process group. Table 3-1, Page 43
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 188.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: Project Management, A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling by H. Kerzner, 8th edition, page 582
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 184 (.EAC forecast for ETC work performed at the budgeted rate.).
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, pages 229-230.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 211.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Variance Analysis. PMBOK Guide Fourth Edition, Chapter 6, Section 6.6.2
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 99.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Complete final contract performance reporting and verify product is done in Close Procurements.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Reference: The Human Aspects of Project Management: Human Resources Skills for the Project Manager by Vijay K. Verma, Volume Two, page 152
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
The project scope and activities applicable to the project phase. PMBOK Guide Fourth Edition, Chapter 4, Section 4.6
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 183.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 182.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: The Project Manager's MBA: How to Translate Project Decisions into Business Success by Dennis J. Cohen and Robert J. Graham, page 160
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
References: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, pages 102, 339, 342.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
References: PMBOK Guide, 4th Edition, page 102; Tom Kendrick, Identifying and Managing Project Risk: Essential Tools for Failure-Proofing Your Project, page 323
Keyword(s):
:

ANSWER: A
Reference: The reviewed person will regard the assessment process as fair and developmental.

Reference: Managing Project Quality by Timothy J. Kloppenborg and Joseph A. Petrick, page 66

Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 214.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 190.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
A procurement audit is a structured review of the procurement process originating from Plan Procurements process through Administer Procurements process. This is one of the tools and techniques used in Close Procurements process. Reference: PMBOK(r) Guide Fourth Edition, Page Number:336 and 343
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Reference: PMP: Project Management Professional Study Guide, by Kim Heldman, Claudia Baca and Patti Jansen, Deluxe Edition, pages 449-452
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
When closing the project, the project manager will review all prior information from the previous phase closures to ensure that all project work is complete and that the project has met its objectives. Reference: PMBOK(r) Guide Fourth Edition, Page 99
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: Project Management JumpStart by Kim Heldman, page 268
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Option B: Since this is a "minor flaw," but rectification of that flaw would take a long time, it is better to discuss with the sponsor and customer and get their inputs Option A and Option D: This is unethical - the project manager should definitely complete the project as per the specifications before closing the project. Option C: Rectification of a minor flaw can lead to delay of 2 months in the project: so, the project manager should first inform the sponsor and customer before rectification of the flaw.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, pages 99-102.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Final product, service, or result transition, organizational process assets updates are outputs of the Close Project or Phase and accepted deliverables are its inputs. However, even Close Project will need resources (e.g. people, equipment, etc). Hence, releasing of project resources should happen at the very end of the Close Project or Phase.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 224 (last paragraph).
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMBOK Guide, 4th Edition, pages 101-102.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: Ethics, the Heart of Leadership by Joanne B. Ciulla (ed), page 29
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMI Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, page 4 (www.pmi.org/PDF/ap_pmicodeofethics.pdf).
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 234.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Reference: PMI Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, page 4 (www.pmi.org/PDF/ap_pmicodeofethics.pdf).
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
PMI(r) Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct requires a project manager not to disclose sensitive or confidential information. But, at times, an organization has a legitimate need to disclose confidential information to vendors, governmental agencies, or others. When disclosing confidential or sensitive information, it is the responsibility of the project manager to ensure that proper nondisclosure agreements are signed prior to the disclosure of the sensitive information.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Reference: Vijay K. Verma, The Human Aspects of Project Management: Managing the Project Team, Volume Three, page 94
Keyword(s):
:

ANSWER: B
Reference: Mastering Virtual Teams: Strategies, Tools, and Techniques That Succeed by Deborah L. Duarte and Nancy Tennant Snyder, Second Edition, page 70.

Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMI Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, page 3 (www.pmi.org/PDF/ap_pmicodeofethics.pdf).
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Option B: This is the correct answer. Since the evaluation criteria are proprietary information of ABC Bank, it is important for you to discuss the matter directly with the appropriate person in the ABC Bank. Option A: This introduces conflict of interest as to whether to act or not in favor of your current employer. Option C: This is unethical, because proprietary information of the buyer should not be disclosed. Option D: This is an extreme step that could be taken only if required after talking to the buyer.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: Mastering Virtual Teams: Strategies, Tools, and Techniques That Succeed by Deborah L. Duarte and Nancy Tennant Snyder, Second Edition, page 68
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Reference: PMBOK Guide 4th Edition, page 232.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: Mastering Virtual Teams: Strategies, Tools, and Techniques That Succeed by Deborah L. Duarte and Nancy Tennant Snyder, Second Edition, page 56
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: Mastering Virtual Teams: Strategies, Tools, and Techniques That Succeed by Deborah L. Duarte and Nancy Tennant Snyder, Second Edition, page 55
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
Conflict of interest arises when personal interests out-weigh professional considerations. A person"s associations and affiliations with others can also lead to conflict of interest. Please note that if there is a conflict of interest situation, please inform the appropriate stakeholders and distance yourself from the conflict situation, if possible.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Out of the known conflict resolution technique the best one is always confronting
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
A project manager has the responsibility to refrain from offering or accepting inappropriate payments, gifts, or other forms of compensation for personal gain, unless it is in conformity with applicable laws or customs of the country where the project management services are provided. In this scenario, since the law of the country requires payment of fee to the government agencies, you will not be committing any breach of the Code if you pay the same. Please note that fees are ethical but tips, bribes and kick-backs are unethical.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: The Project Management Tool Kit: 100 Tips and Techniques for Getting the Job Done Right by Tom Kendrick, page 51
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Reference: PMI Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, page 5, 5.3.1 and 5.3.2 (www.pmi.org/PDF/ap_pmicodeofethics.pdf).
Keyword(s):
:
Reference: PMP Handbook, pages 27-29, chapter: Professional Development Units (PDUs), categories 2-5 (www.pmi.org/PDF/pdc_pmphandbook.pdf).
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
Accepting an invitation to dinner is normal social behavior and does not jeopardize objectivity. Accepting an expensive gift on the other hand would be a problem and you should decline it.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
As per the PMI(r) Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, a project manager should always provide true account of information in an appropriate manner at appropriate times. Option A: This is an extreme step and should not be taken now Option B: This is the correct answer, the management should be informed about the project status. Option C: This is unethical - you should not withhold information from appropriate stakeholders. Option D: Crashing would further increase costs and fast-tracking may increase risks : this may adversely impact the project status, and should be done only after informing the management.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
A project manager has the responsibility to refrain from offering or accepting inappropriate payments, gifts, or other forms of compensation for personal gain, unless it is in agreement with applicable laws or customs of the country where the project management services are being provided. Reference: PMI(r) Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct In some cultures where offering gifts is a custom, rejecting or returning the gifts may be considered rude and inappropriate behavior. Appreciation of cultural differences is the way to win the trust of people from divergent cultures.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: D
The PMI(r) Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct requires a project manager to address things with an open mind and accept the cultural and ethical diversity that exists between different countries. So, it is not the responsibility of the project manager to enforce the work-ethics of one"s own country on the people of another country.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: A
In case of conflict of interest situations, the project manager should inform senior management, and distance oneself from the conflict of interest situation, if possible. However, in this context, as the senior management insists and the project manager has to continue in the current position, appropriate documentation can help in preventing any accusation of bias in conflict of interest situations. Option B and Option D are not relevant - you had already mentioned about the conflict of interest situation to the senior management and got approval to continue with the project. Option C is an extreme step which need not be taken at this time.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: C
Software is an intellectual property (like a book, article written, etc.) and should not be distributed without prior license/approval. So, option 3 is the best answer. Options 1 and 2 talk about distribution of the software, which is not an accepted professional conduct. Option 4 is not valid: Your friend has not started using the software. Hence there is no copyright violation.
Keyword(s):
:
ANSWER: B
Reference: PMI Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, page 2 (www.pmi.org/PDF/ap_pmicodeofethics.pdf).
Keyword(s):

W

:
The PMP examination consists of 200 multiple-choice questions, 25 of which are pretest questions used to develop future versions of the exam.

Pretest Questions:

* Are "trial" questions.
* Are used in examinations as an effective and legitimate way to test the validity of future examination questions.
* Do not affect the score.
* Are randomly placed throughout the exam.
Keyword(s):
:

PMBootCamp contains thousands of PMP exam questions structured into a number of cumulative practice exams, along with targeted practice tests focused on individual PMBOK Project Management Processes (like real exam).

All 5 PMBOK Project Management Process Groups, including the Professional and Social Responsibility and PreTest questions are represented in our exam content. Your performance will be tracked and analyzed based on the groups below, allowing you to pinpoint areas which require more study.

Initiating Process Group

Planning Process Group

Executing Process Group

Monitoring and Controlling Process Group

Closing Process Group

Professional and Social Responsibility

PreTest Questions

Keyword(s):

Page:  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  (Next)
ALL


Share |